One-China principle clearly violated by trip

  The Taipei 101 skyscraper commands the urban landscape in Taipei, Taiwan. [Photo/Xinhua]

  Experts say that the Taiwan question brooks no interference by foreign forces

  It’s natural for China to feel angry and oppose the recent visit to

  Taiwan by United States House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, because the trip

  openly violates the one-China principle and challenges China’s

  territorial integrity and sovereignty, experts said while explaining

  China’s reaction and the severe countermeasures it has taken.

  It’s clear that the two sides of the Taiwan Straits are the same

  country, and the Taiwan question, which is purely China’s internal

  affair, brooks no interference by foreign forces, they said.

  Traveling in a military aircraft, Pelosi-second in the line of

  succession to the US president-last week paid a high-profile “official

  visit to Taiwan”, as her office described it in her arrival statement,

  and was given full protocol treatment by Taiwan’s Democratic Progressive

  Party authorities, which make no secret of pursuing “independence” in

  their party platform.

  Pelosi’s two-day trip included meeting with the island’s leader Tsai

  Ing-wen and some “human rights” advocates, as well as visiting the

  island’s “legislative “authority.

  Hundreds of millions of Chinese watched, discussed and were outraged

  by the provocative trip that was also followed by unprecedented

  countermeasures by the Chinese government, including canceling three

  cooperative dialogues or meetings with the defense authorities of the

  US, suspending climate talks, and conducting live-fire drills

  surrounding the Taiwan island.

  Bao Chengke, assistant director at the Institute for East Asian

  Studies in Shanghai, said that the visit has trampled on the one-China

  principle and China’s national sovereignty, and was a move that in

  nature promoted the concept of “one China, one Taiwan”.

  To the Chinese side, the one-China principle is a bottom line that

  cannot be crossed. It has been reiterated numerous times by the Chinese

  government, and is firmly believed by the Chinese people, that the

  island of Taiwan has been an inseparable part of China’s territory for

  1,800 years and it’s crystal clear that the two sides of the Straits

  belong to one China.

  It was even worse that Pelosi turned a deaf ear to repeated warnings

  from the Chinese government and still made the trip, Bao said, adding

  that when something like this happens, it’s reasonable for any country

  to feel angry and take severe countermeasures.

  Lin Kuan-ting, a young man from Taiwan who is studying on the

  mainland, said he opposes the visit and the US should not interfere in

  the Taiwan question as the island has always been a part of China.

  Another Taiwan student on main-land, Lin Pei-ying, said the visit

  seriously hurt the feelings of compatriots on both sides of the Straits,

  and the contradictions between the two sides are purely our family

  matters.

  Root of the Taiwan question

  As Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China

  Central Committee, has said, the Taiwan question arose out of the

  weakness and chaos of the nation and will be resolved as national

  rejuvenation becomes a reality.

  In 1894, Japan launched the First Sino-Japanese War to invade China.

  In the following year, the government of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)

  was forced to cede Taiwan to Japan under the unequal Treaty of

  Shimonoseki.

  In 1945, the Chinese people won the War of Resistance Against

  Japanese Aggression (1931-1945). Taiwan was thus recovered and returned

  to the motherland.

  In 1943, the leaders of China, the US and Britain issued the Cairo

  Declaration, which clearly states that all territories Japan stole from

  the Chinese, including Taiwan, shall be restored to China. The Potsdam

  Declaration of 1945 affirmed that the terms of the Cairo Declaration

  would be carried out. Thus, Taiwan’s legal status as a part of China was

  irrefutably confirmed.

  It was not long, however, before the two sides of the Straits fell

  into a special state of protracted political confrontation due to civil

  war in China and the interference of foreign forces.

  In 1949, the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of

  China was established, replacing the Republic of China government as the

  sole legal government representing the whole of China. It is logical

  for the government of the People’s Republic of China to exercise

  sovereignty over China, which includes Taiwan.

  In 1971, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 2758

  with an overwhelming majority vote, restoring all rights of the PRC and

  recognizing the government of the PRC as the sole legitimate

  representative of China to the United Nations.

  The one-China principle is a widely recognized basic norm of

  international relations. More than 180 countries have to date

  established diplomatic relations with China on the basis of their

  recognition of the one-China principle, according to official records.

  When China and the US established diplomatic relations in 1979, the

  US recognized in the joint communique with China that the government of

  the PRC is the sole legal government of China. Since then, the US has

  long been committed to not developing official relations with Taiwan.

  ”The one-China principle is part of the postwar international order

  and has become a general international consensus. As a country that

  thinks of itself as a champion of the ‘rules-based international order’,

  the United States should naturally abide by the one-China principle,”

  Chinese Ambassador to the US Qin Gang wrote in an article in The

  Washington Post on Thursday.

  ”President Biden has said many times that the United States will not

  change its one-China policy and does not support ‘Taiwan independence’.

  But for the ‘Taiwan independence’ forces, Pelosi’s visit represents an

  exceptionally strong signal that ‘the US is on Taiwan’s side’. This goes

  against the one-China principle, the three Sino-US joint communiques

  and America’s own commitments,” the article said.

  Wu Yongping, director of the Institute of Taiwan Studies at Tsinghua

  University, said that US support for “Taiwan independence “separatists

  is a fundamental reason why the Taiwan question is so difficult to

  resolve.

  The US has tried to obscure and hollow out the one-China principle,

  Wu said, adding that it has colluded with “Taiwan independence” forces

  on the island and elevated relations with the island in various ways,

  including arms sales.

  After the DPP came to power in Taiwan, it refused to recognize the

  1992 Consensus which embodies the one-China principle, creating an

  increasingly tense and confrontational atmosphere across the Straits,

  according to Bao from the Institute for East Asian Studies.

  Common will

  Despite the complex situation, experts believe that the two sides of

  the Straits must be reunified in the future, which is also the will of

  the entire Chinese nation.

  The mainland has great patience in dealing with the Taiwan question,

  and it has been working to promote integrated development and

  cooperation between people across the Straits in order to gradually

  overcome the resentment and differences and find the path of future

  reunification, Bao said.

  Wu said the mainland’s ability to resolve the Taiwan question has

  been increasing as well, which could been seen in the recent

  countermeasures, and no other forces should underestimate such ability

  and China’s determination to safeguard its sovereignty and unity.

  Xinhua contributed to this story.

Author: HgpVEqgN